The Different Types of Domains – Explained

Domains Explained
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The Different Types of Domains – Explained

The internet consists of a series of computer networks that are connected using a network of cables.

For these computers to be able to communicate with one another, each computer is assigned an IP address – a series of numbers that identifies each computer. 

IP addresses look like this e.g: 11.32.688.33.1 – they connect billions of computer devices worldwide.

However, humans need an easier way to navigate the internet, instead of using a complex numerical IP address to access a specific website.

This is where Domain Names come in.

First, let’s explain What is a domain name?

A domain name is a central factor to businesses looking to create a new website or grow an existing one.

It is a string of text ’address’ that someone types in a browser to visit a website -e.g ‘website.com’.

Types of Domains:

Domain names consist of a hierarchy that differentiates between domains.

Top-Level Domains ‘TLD’

A Top-level domain (often referred to as TLD) is the very last segment of any domain name. 

www.website.com,.com’ is the top-level domain.

TLDs serve to communicate the purpose or location of a website.

They are subcategorized into Country code top-level domains (ccTLD) and Generic top-level domains (gTLD).

Country Code Top-Level Domain ‘ccTLD’

This domain is used to indicate the website’s location. A .uk domain shows that this website is in the United Kingdom, a .eg is in Egypt, and so on.

These are often used by companies looking to build a local presence in a specific region.

They are also considered as a powerful signal that shows users that a website is aimed at them.

Generic Top-Level Domain ‘gTLD’

gTLD is the most common type of top-level domain. They include .com, .net , .org, etc.

They mainly reflect the objective of a website.

For example, a .com website is for commercial purposes, .org is for non-profit organizations, and so on.

Second-Level Domain ‘referred to as 2LD’

The second-level domain is the section directly below the TLD, before the ‘dot’. This portion of the domain name shows and reinforces the website’s main identity.

For instance, 

www.google.com – ‘Google’ here is the second-level domain.

This is part of the domain that users will remember the most, so it’s necessary to choose a second-level domain that is short and memorable.

Third-Level Domain

This is the section preceding the second-level domain. Third-level domains are also referred to as ‘subdomains’, as they refer to a section on a website.

They are used when building a new section on a website – adding a subdomain.

For instance, if you are looking to add a blog section to your site, you will host it on a website like ‘blog.website.com’ to create a separate section for your content.

In Conclusion

Registering the right domain name is a powerful opportunity for businesses to reinforce their identity and improve their online performance.

Choose the domain that matches your website’s purpose and register your domain now.